Alternative TitleProgress and Issues on Key Technologies in Forecasting of Snowmelt Flood Disaster in Arid Areas,Northwest China
陈仁升; 沈永平; 毛炜峄; 张世强; 吕海深; 刘永强; 刘章文; 房世峰; 张伟; 陈春艳; 韩春坛; 刘俊峰; 赵求东; 郝晓华; 李如琦; 秦艳; 黄维东; 赵成先; 王书峰
Year Published2021
Abstract in Chinese针对全球变化背景下极端升温、暴雪和雪面雨等事件增多以及我国西北干旱区融雪洪水灾害风险增大问题,简要概述了干旱区融雪洪水预报预警系统及其关键技术的研究进展,重点阐述了近年来发生频率增加、灾害风险大,但在干旱区未引起重视的雪面雨洪水的研究进展,提出了西北干旱区融雪洪水高精度预报预警所面临的关键科学问题,指出需在揭示干旱区融雪洪水灾害致灾机理、成灾机制及其演化规律基础上,研发干旱区融雪洪水灾害监测预警装置并构建立体监测体系,研究雨雪冰混合洪水形成及演进过程并建立模型,构建洪水风险评估指标体系,建成干旱区融雪洪水智能化预报预警决策支持平台,动态展示流域实时、潜在及未来超标准融雪洪水的淹没范围,评估风险程度,并提出防洪技术和工程方案以及洪水资源化利用途径等应对措施。
Abstract in EnglishUnder the global warming,the extreme warming process,heavy snowfall and Rain-On-Snow event occur more frequently,resulting in more frequent snowmelt floods,and the rain,snow and ice mixed floods. Therefore,the projection,prediction,forecasting and early warning of the flood disasters are urgently needed in the arid regions of northwest China. According to the present research progress on key technologies of snowmelt flood disaster forecasting,it is necessary to reveal the mechanism of flood disasters,develop the monitoring and early warning device of snowmelt flood disasters,and then construct the three-dimensional monitoring system in arid areas. Based on the in situ,remote observation and involved research results,a hydrological model should be developed to accurately simulate the rain,snow and ice mixed floods. Therefore,an Intelligent Decision Support System(IDSS)should be constructed to demonstrate the flood submerged areas,evaluate the risk of the flood disasters and give the best solutions in the arid regions of northwest China.
Keyword in Chinese极端升温过程 ; 雪面雨 ; 雨雪冰混合洪水 ; 预报预警 ; 智能化决策支持系统 ; 洪水资源化
Keyword in EnglishExtreme warming process Rain-On-Snow Rain,snow and ice mixed flood Forecasting and warning Intelligent Decision Support System Floodwater utilization
Indexed ByCSCD
WOS SubjectMeteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
Document Type期刊论文
Affiliation陈仁升, 中国科学院西北生态环境资源研究院;;西北大学, ;;, 兰州;;西安, 甘肃;;陕西 730000;;710127, 中国.; 沈永平, 中国科学院西北生态环境资源研究院, 兰州, 甘肃 730000, 中国.; 刘章文, 中国科学院西北生态环境资源研究院, 兰州, 甘肃 730000, 中国.; 张伟, 中国科学院西北生态环境资源研究院, 兰州, 甘肃 730000, 中国.; 韩春坛, 中国科学院西北生态环境资源研究院, 兰州, 甘肃 730000, 中国.; 刘俊峰, 中国科学院西北生态环境资源研究院, 兰州, 甘肃 730000, 中国.; 赵求东, 中国科学院西北生态环境资源研究院, 兰州, 甘肃 730000, 中国.; 郝晓华, 中国科学院西北生态环境资源研究院, 兰州, 甘肃 730000, 中国.; 毛炜峄, 中国气象局乌鲁木齐沙漠气象研究所, 乌鲁木齐, 新疆 830000, 中国.; 张世强, 西北大学, 西安, 陕西 710127, 中国.; 吕海深, 河海大学, 南京, 江苏 210098, 中国.; 刘永强, 新疆大学, 乌鲁木齐, 新疆 830046, 中国.; 秦艳, 新疆大学, 乌鲁木齐, 新疆 830046, 中国.; 房世峰, 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京 100101, 中国.; 陈春艳, 新疆维吾尔自治区气象台, 乌鲁木齐, 新疆 830002, 中国.; 李如琦, 新疆维吾尔自治区气象台, 乌鲁木齐, 新疆 830002, 中国.; 黄维东, 甘肃省水文水资源局, 兰州, 甘肃 730000, 中国.; 赵成先, 新疆额尔齐斯河流域开发工程建设管理局, 乌鲁木齐, 新疆 830000, 中国.; 王书峰, 阿勒泰水文勘测局, 阿勒泰, 新疆 836300, 中国.
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
陈仁升,沈永平,毛炜峄,等. 西北干旱区融雪洪水灾害预报预警技术:进展与展望[J],2021,36(3):1001-8166.
APA 陈仁升.,沈永平.,毛炜峄.,张世强.,吕海深.,...&王书峰.(2021).西北干旱区融雪洪水灾害预报预警技术:进展与展望.地球科学进展,36(3),1001-8166.
MLA 陈仁升,et al."西北干旱区融雪洪水灾害预报预警技术:进展与展望".地球科学进展 36.3(2021):1001-8166.
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