Arid
DOI10.1029/2020EA001165
Impact of Roughness Length on WRF Simulated Land-Atmosphere Interactions Over a Hyper-Arid Region
Nelli, Narendra Reddy1; Temimi, Marouane1; Fonseca, Ricardo Morais1; Weston, Michael John1; Thota, Mohana Satyanarayana1,2; Valappil, Vineeth Krishnan1; Branch, Oliver3; Wulfmeyer, Volker3; Wehbe, Youssef1,4; Al Hosary, Taha4; Shalaby, Abdeltawab4; Al Shamsi, Noor4; Al Naqbi, Hajer4
Corresponding AuthorTemimi, Marouane
JournalEARTH AND SPACE SCIENCE
EISSN2333-5084
Year Published2020
Volume7Issue:6
Abstract in EnglishThe aerodynamic roughness length is a crucial parameter that controls surface variables including the horizontal wind, surface temperature, and heat fluxes. Despite its importance, in the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model, this parameter is typically assigned a predefined value, mostly based on the dominant land-use type. In this work, the roughness length is first estimated from eddy-covariance measurements at Al Ain in the United Arab Emirates (UAE), a hyper-arid region, and then ingested into WRF. The estimated roughness length is in the range 1.3-2.2 mm, one order smaller than the default value used in WRF. In line with previous studies, and from WRF model simulations during the warm and cold seasons, it is concluded that, when the roughness length is decreased by an order of magnitude, the horizontal wind speed increases by up to 1 m s(-1), the surface temperature rises by up to 2.5 degrees C, and the sensible heat flux decreases by as much as 10 W m(-2). In comparison with in situ station and eddy covariance data, and when forced with the updated roughness length, WRF gives more accurate 2-m air temperature and sensible heat flux predictions. For prevailing wind speeds >6 m s(-1), the model underestimates the strength of the near-surface wind, a tendency that can be partially corrected, typically by 1-3 m s(-1), when the updated roughness length is considered. For low wind speeds (<4 m s(-1)), however, WRF generally overestimates the strength of the wind.
SubtypeArticle
Language英语
CountryU Arab Emirates ; India ; Germany
OA Typegold
Indexed BySCI-E
WOS IDWOS:000545722200002
WOS KeywordSENSITIVITY-ANALYSIS ; SURFACE-ROUGHNESS ; BOUNDARY-LAYER ; AIR-QUALITY ; PART I ; MODEL ; WIND ; PARAMETERIZATION ; TEMPERATURE ; FORECASTS
WOS SubjectAstronomy & Astrophysics ; Geosciences, Multidisciplinary
WOS Research AreaAstronomy & Astrophysics ; Geology
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://119.78.100.177/qdio/handle/2XILL650/319483
Affiliation1.Khalifa Univ Sci & Technol, Abu Dhabi, U Arab Emirates;
2.Natl Ctr Medium Range Weather Forecasting, Noida, India;
3.Univ Hohenheim, Inst Phys & Meteorol, Stuttgart, Germany;
4.Natl Ctr Meteorol, Abu Dhabi, U Arab Emirates
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Nelli, Narendra Reddy,Temimi, Marouane,Fonseca, Ricardo Morais,et al. Impact of Roughness Length on WRF Simulated Land-Atmosphere Interactions Over a Hyper-Arid Region[J],2020,7(6).
APA Nelli, Narendra Reddy.,Temimi, Marouane.,Fonseca, Ricardo Morais.,Weston, Michael John.,Thota, Mohana Satyanarayana.,...&Al Naqbi, Hajer.(2020).Impact of Roughness Length on WRF Simulated Land-Atmosphere Interactions Over a Hyper-Arid Region.EARTH AND SPACE SCIENCE,7(6).
MLA Nelli, Narendra Reddy,et al."Impact of Roughness Length on WRF Simulated Land-Atmosphere Interactions Over a Hyper-Arid Region".EARTH AND SPACE SCIENCE 7.6(2020).
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