Arid
中国西北干旱区城市水、大气污染排放与FDI关系研究
Alternative TitleRelationship between Water & Air Pollutant Emission and FDI in Arid Cities in Northwest China
赵领娣1; 冯剑2; 孙凌霄3; 于翔4; 赵鹏3
Journal干旱区研究
ISSN1001-4675
Year Published2020
Volume37Issue:1Pages:67-73
Abstract in Chinese一带一路倡议在中国西北干旱半干旱区的实施,是否会带来水、大气的污染转移效应引起广泛关注。匮乏的水资源、脆弱的生态环境决定了其不宜引入污染密集型的外商直接投资(FDI)。有别于以往文献从国家、省级层面或分东、中、西地区对FDI的污染转移效应进行研究,本文使用更能体现干旱半干旱区生态、经济差异的城市级数据,运用灰色关联、双重差分方法,研究一带一路倡议下,FDI是否对中国西北干旱半干旱区城市水、大气产生污染转移效应。结果显示,一带一路倡议实施以来,西北干旱区城市水、大气污染排放与FDI的关联程度下降;且半干旱区远大于干旱区的FDI增幅,并没有导致城市间显著的水、大气污染排放的差异。
Abstract in EnglishIt has gained the widespread concerns from experts and scholars whether the implementation of the Belt and Roadpolicy will bring pollution transfer,and the fragile ecological environment determines that pollution- intensive foreign direct investment (FDI) should be rejected in arid and semiarid areas in northwest China. Different from the previous studies which paid attention to the pollution transfer effect caused by FDI from the national and provincial level or the eastern,central and western regions of China, in this study, the gray correlation and different-in-different (DID) method were innovatively used to study whether there is a pollution transfer effect of FDI in cities in arid and semiarid areas in northwest China under implementing theBelt and Roadpolicy. Moreover, the gray correlation analysis was used to compare the correlation between FDI and pollution in arid and semiarid areas before and after implementing theBelt and Roadpolicy. The results revealed that the coefficient of association decreased after implementing theBelt and Roadpolicy, so the FDI did not bring the pollution transfer effect on cities in arid and semiarid regions in northwest China. After implementing the policy, the FDI in the semiarid areas increased by 107.41% in average,but only by 3.41% in the arid areas. Moreover, the DID method was used to further explore whether there was a significant difference of pollutant emission between these two kinds of regions. It was found that there was no significant difference in pollutant emission between the arid and semiarid urban areas before and after implementing the policy. Therefore,we further verified that FDI did not bring about pollutant transfer effect under implementing theBelt and Roadpolicy. In addition to the effect of the policy,pollutant emission from the arid and semiarid regions is also related to many other socio-economic factors. The population growth and the development of economy and transportation aggravate the urban pollutant emission; the development of tertiary industry reduces the pollutant emission; education can reduce the urban pollutant emission by improving peoples awareness of green environmental protection and promoting the development of green technology. Therefore, in implementing the policy in the arid and semiarid regions in northwest China,more attention should be paid to the harmonious development of economy, society and environment in the regions where the ecologic environment is relatively fragile. For these regions, the government should promote the development of tertiary industry, increase the investment in education and promote the scientific and technological innovation so as to achieve a human-nature harmonious development. TheBelt and Roadpolicy has provided a good opportunity for the development in the arid and semiarid regions in northwest China. The increase of FDI has not resulted in pollution there but achieved a harmonious development of economy and environment.
Keyword in Chinese城市 ; 水污染 ; 大气污染 ; 外商直接投资(FDI) ; 污染转移效应 ; 一带一路倡议 ; 干旱半干旱区
Keyword in Englishcity water pollution air pollution FDI pollution transfer effect theBelt and RoadInitiative arid and semi-arid areas
Language中文
Indexed ByCSCD
WOS SubjectBUSINESS FINANCE
WOS Research AreaBusiness & Economics
CSCD IDCSCD:6652369
Source Institution中国科学院新疆生态与地理研究所
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://119.78.100.177/qdio/handle/2XILL650/316235
Affiliation1.中国海洋大学经济学院;;教育部人文社会科学重点研究基地中国海洋大学海洋发展研究院, ;;, 青岛;;青岛, 山东;;山东 266100;;266100, 中国;
2.中国海洋大学经济学院, 青岛, 山东 266100, 中国;
3.中国科学院新疆生态与地理研究所;;中国科学院大学, ;;, 乌鲁木齐;;, 新疆;;北京 830011;;100049, 中国;
4.中国科学院新疆生态与地理研究所, 乌鲁木齐, 新疆 830011, 中国
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
赵领娣,冯剑,孙凌霄,等. 中国西北干旱区城市水、大气污染排放与FDI关系研究[J]. 中国科学院新疆生态与地理研究所,2020,37(1):67-73.
APA 赵领娣,冯剑,孙凌霄,于翔,&赵鹏.(2020).中国西北干旱区城市水、大气污染排放与FDI关系研究.干旱区研究,37(1),67-73.
MLA 赵领娣,et al."中国西北干旱区城市水、大气污染排放与FDI关系研究".干旱区研究 37.1(2020):67-73.
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