Arid
水分胁迫及复水过程4种牧草形态及其生理特征表达
Alternative TitleExpressions of Morphological and Physiological Features of 4 Forage Species under Water Stress and Re - watering Process
张静鸽1; 田福平2; 苗海涛3; 黄泽4; 武高林5
Journal干旱区研究
ISSN1001-4675
Year Published2020
Volume37Issue:1Pages:193-201
Abstract in Chinese草地作为半干旱区的主要植被类型之一,开展牧草对土壤水分变化响应机制的研究,对于该地区水资源的可持续利用和生态环境的建设均有重要意义。本文选取半干旱区4种典型牧草作为研究对象,在对其进行干旱及旱后复水处理模拟自然降水过程的基础上,分析牧草的形态、水分生理、光合生理等特征对土壤水分变化的响应,结果表明: ①水分胁迫下牧草地上形态指标(单叶面积、地上干重)呈显著的下降趋势,而地下形态指标(地下干重、根冠比)则反之;复水结束后,牧草形态特征指标有明显的恢复,披碱草(Elymus nutans Griseb.)和黑麦草(Lolium multiflorum Lam.)出现了超补偿效应。②水分胁迫下牧草水分生理特征表现为明显的下降趋势,复水后逐渐恢复,复水14~ 21 d后基本恢复对照组水平。干旱条件下,2种豆科牧草能维持较高的水势,属于高水势延迟脱水型;而禾本科牧草属于低水势忍耐脱水型。③水分胁迫下,牧草光合生理特征也表现为明显的下降趋势,轻微水分胁迫能够暂时提高豆科牧草光合能力;豆科和禾本科牧草叶片光合特性对干旱的响应机制存在一定的差异,面对干旱胁迫,豆科牧草通过及时关闭气孔来减少水分散失,而禾本科牧草通过延缓气孔关闭牺牲叶片水分的方式维持正常生长。
Abstract in EnglishGrassland is one of the main vegetation types in semiarid area. Research on the response and mechanism of forage to soil moisture content is of great significance for the sustainable utilization of water resources and the construction of ecological environment in this area. In this study, four grass species, response of forage morphology,water physiology, photosynthetic and physiological characteristics to water stress and water recovery process in the Loess Plateau were analyzed. The results showed that:① Under water stress, the aboveground morphological indexes (i. e., the single leaf area and shoot dry weight) of the grass species were in a decrease trend, but the underground ones (i. e., the root dry weight and root-shoot ratio) were in an increase trend. After re-watering, the forage morphological characteristics were obviously recovered, and an over compensation of Elymus nutans Griseb. and Lolium multiflorum Lam. occurred;② Under water stress, the water physiological characteristics of forage were significantly decreased, but they were gradually recovered after re-watering and resumed to the level of the control group after 2 -3 weeks. These 2 species of leguminous forage could maintain a high water potential and had a strong water conservation capability, which belonged to a delayed dehydration by increasing water potential, and these 2 species of forages belonged to an enduring dehydration by developing low water potential under water stress; ③ Under water stress, the photosynthetic physiological characteristics of forage were also in a significant decrease trend, and the short-term water stress could temporarily improve the photosynthetic capacity of forage; the photosynthetic characteristics of legumes and grasses were different in sensitivity and adaptation mechanism to drought. Leguminous forage closed the stomata in time to avoid drought so as to reduce water loss,while grasses sacrificed leaf water to keep stomata open to maintain normal plant growth.
Keyword in Chinese牧草 ; 水分胁迫 ; 复水 ; 形态特征 ; 生理特征
Keyword in Englishforage water stress re-watering morphological characteristic physiological characteristic
Language中文
Indexed ByCSCD
WOS SubjectPLANT SCIENCES
WOS Research AreaPlant Sciences
CSCD IDCSCD:6652383
Source Institution西北农林科技大学
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://119.78.100.177/qdio/handle/2XILL650/315991
Affiliation1.西北农林科技大学, 黄土高原土壤侵蚀与旱地农业国家重点实验室, 杨凌, 陕西 712100, 中国;
2.中国农业科学院兰州畜牧与兽药研究所, 农业部兰州黄土高原生态环境重点野外科学观测试验站, 兰州, 甘肃 730050, 中国;
3.中国科学院水利部水土保持研究所, 黄土高原土壤侵蚀与旱地农业国家重点实验室, 杨凌, 陕西 712100, 中国;
4.西北农林科技大学;;中国农业科学院兰州畜牧与兽药研究所, 黄土高原土壤侵蚀与旱地农业国家重点实验室;;农业部兰州黄土高原生态环境重点野外科学观测试验站, 杨凌;;兰州, 陕西;;甘肃 712100;;730050, 中国;
5.西北农林科技大学;;中国科学院水利部水土保持研究所, 黄土高原土壤侵蚀与旱地农业国家重点实验室;;黄土高原土壤侵蚀与旱地农业国家重点实验室, 杨凌;;杨凌, 陕西;;陕西 712100;;712100, 中国
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
张静鸽,田福平,苗海涛,等. 水分胁迫及复水过程4种牧草形态及其生理特征表达[J]. 西北农林科技大学,2020,37(1):193-201.
APA 张静鸽,田福平,苗海涛,黄泽,&武高林.(2020).水分胁迫及复水过程4种牧草形态及其生理特征表达.干旱区研究,37(1),193-201.
MLA 张静鸽,et al."水分胁迫及复水过程4种牧草形态及其生理特征表达".干旱区研究 37.1(2020):193-201.
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