Alternative TitleResearches in biological soil crust of China: A review
李新荣; 谭会娟; 回嵘; 赵洋; 黄磊; 贾荣亮; 宋光
Year Published2018
Abstract in Chinese生物土壤结皮广泛分布于干旱半干旱区,其盖度占该区域地表活体覆盖的40%以上,是联结荒漠地表生物与非生物成分的生态系统工程师和荒漠/沙地生态系统健康的重要标志,也是干旱区地球表面过程研究中生物学与地球科学交叉研究的热点科学问题. 21世纪初,相关研究绝大多数来自国外,且集中在热带荒漠、寒漠和欧洲草原,很少有来自中国和温性荒漠的报道.本文评述了2000年以来中国学者在这一研究领域开展的系列创新性研究,涉及生物土壤结皮组成、分布和演替,对环境胁迫及全球变化的生理生态学响应,与土壤生态、水文过程,与维管植物和土壤动物关系,对干扰响应和人工培养及在生态恢复实践中的应用等,介绍了中国学者对国际生物土壤结皮研究所做的贡献.
Abstract in EnglishBiological soil crust (BSC), a complicated assemblage of cyanobacteria, green algae, diatoms, lichens, mosses, soil microbes and other related microorganisms cemented with soil particles with special architecture, covers more than 40% and even as much as 70% living surface in arid and semi-arid regions. Being an important ecosystem engineer and indicator of desert ecosystem health, BSC plays vital roles in linking the surficial biotic and abiotic components in arid and semi-arid regions and the related studies become a hotspot in the biological-geographic crossing studies in the earth surface process. However, most studies related to BSC came from abroad and mainly focused on hot desert, cold desert, polar and tundra as well as European grassland at the beginning of this century, little information available from Chinese temperate and central Asia desert. In this paper, we reviewed the research achievements in BSC by Chinese researchers since 2000 in the following aspects: (1) The composition, distribution and succession of BSC across Chinese temperate deserts, in particular, the responses of crustal species distribution pattern to climatic, soil properties and vascular plant cover at different spatial scales; (2) eco-physiological responses of BSC to environmental stress, climatic change as well as to natural and anthropological disturbances, large changes in rainfall regimes, UV-B radiation, nitrogen addition, salt and other stresses could result in the conversion of BSC types and further contribute to the changes in the structure and functioning of desert ecosystems; (3) the critical roles of BSC in the soil ecological and hydrological processes, including the dramatic influences of BSC on soil stability, C and N cycling, and other physiochemical properties, as well as infiltration, dew entrapment, soil surface evaporation and soil moisture; (4) the relationships between BSC and vascular plants and soil animals, such as the responses and underlying mechanisms of seed retention, germination, establishment and survival of vascular plants to the succession of BSC, and BSC creating a suitable niche and food web for soil animal and microorganisms, maintaining soil biodiversity; and (5) the cultivation and inoculation of components within BSC as new material applied for soil fertilization and desertification reversal, 6 cyanobacteria and 3 moss species inhabiting BSC were selected from different desert areas and successfully cultured in laboratory and then identified to enhance the stability, fertility and other physiochemical properties of the upper sand soil after their inoculation in the field. Finally, based on the analysis of the new trends in research vision, means and ideas of the international BSC study, we pointed out the key points for future research in BSC.
Keyword in Chinese荒漠生态系统 ; 生物土壤结皮 ; 土壤生态与水文过程 ; 生态恢复
Keyword in Englishdesert ecosystem biological soil crusts soil eco-hydrology processes ecological restoration
Indexed ByCSCD
WOS Research AreaEnvironmental Sciences & Ecology
Source Institution中国科学院西北生态环境资源研究院
Document Type期刊论文
Affiliation中国科学院西北生态环境资源研究院沙坡头沙漠研究试验站;;甘肃省寒区旱区逆境生理生态重点实验室, ;;甘肃省寒区旱区逆境生理生态重点实验室, 兰州;;兰州, ;; 730000;;730000
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
李新荣,谭会娟,回嵘,等. 中国荒漠与沙地生物土壤结皮研究[J]. 中国科学院西北生态环境资源研究院,2018,63(23):2320-2334.
APA 李新荣.,谭会娟.,回嵘.,赵洋.,黄磊.,...&宋光.(2018).中国荒漠与沙地生物土壤结皮研究.科学通报,63(23),2320-2334.
MLA 李新荣,et al."中国荒漠与沙地生物土壤结皮研究".科学通报 63.23(2018):2320-2334.
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