Arid
内陆干旱区降水化学变化和对沙尘天气的指示-以民乐县为例
Alternative TitleThe indicative significance of sand-dust weather and chemical change of precipitation in the inland arid area:A case of Minle county
李宗杰1; 宋玲玲1; 陈福昌2; 田青1
Journal环境化学
ISSN0254-6108
Year Published2017
Volume36Issue:2Pages:373-379
Abstract in Chinese本文对内陆干旱区(民乐县) 2013年6月-2014年5月收集的降水样品pH值、EC和主要阴阳离子浓度进行了测定和分析.结果表明,民乐县降水样品的pH值的变化范围为6.84-8.78,平均值为7.41,pH值在四季中的大小顺序为:冬季>春季>秋季>夏季.而民乐县降水样品EC的平均值为167.80 muS·cm~(-1),变化范围17.4-848 muS·cm~(-1),四季中EC的大小顺序与pH值在四季中的大小顺序一致; pH与降水量呈正相关关系,但显著性不高,同时也与与相对湿度呈正相关关系,而pH值与气温也呈负相关关系,显著性较降水量的高.与pH值不同的是,电导率与降水量、气温和相对湿度均负相关关系;通过对典型沙尘事件的分析表明,pH值会随着沙尘事件的发生主要表现出降低的趋势,而电导率会随着沙尘事件的发生呈现增加的趋势,在沙尘事件发生后离子浓度出现最高值的离子有:Na~+、Mg~(2+)、NH_4~+、Cl~-和SO_4~(2-),而沙尘事件前后离子浓度变化程度由大到小的顺序为SO_4~(2-)、Cl~-、Na~+、NH_4~+和Mg~(2+).
Abstract in EnglishThis work determined and analyzed the pH value,EC and the concentrations of main anion and cation of precipitation samples collected from June 2013 to May 2014 in the inland arid area(Minle county). The results showed that,the range of the pH value of the precipitation ranged from 6.84 to 8.78,and the mean was 7.41. The order for season was winter > spring > autumn > summer. The average of EC was 167.80 muS·cm~(-1),and the variation range was from 17.4 to 848 muS·cm~(-1). The order for season was the same as pH value. The positive correlation between pH value and precipitation,but the significance was not high. Meanwhile,the positive correlation between pH value and relative humidity,but pH value and air temperature showed negative correlation and the significance was higher than precipitation. By contrast,EC and precipitation,air temperature and relative humidity showed negative correlation. Through the analysis of typical sand dust events,the pH value decreased and the electrical conductivity incerased with the occurrence of sand dust events. The concentrations of Na~+,Mg~(2+),NH_4~+,Cl~- and SO_4~(2-) reached to the highest value after the dust events occurred. The order of ion concentration change after dust everts was SO_4~(2-) 、Cl~-、 Na~+、NH_4~+ and Mg~(2+) in dust events before and after.
Keyword in Chinese沙尘事件 ; pH和EC ; 降水水化学 ; 内陆干旱区
Keyword in Englishsand-dust events pH and EC precipitation hydrochemical inland arid area
Language中文
Country中国
Indexed ByCSCD
WOS SubjectENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES ; METEOROLOGY ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES
WOS Research AreaEnvironmental Sciences & Ecology ; Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
CSCD IDCSCD:5918823
Source Institution甘肃农业大学
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://119.78.100.177/qdio/handle/2XILL650/236178
Affiliation1.甘肃农业大学林学院, 兰州, 甘肃 730070, 中国;
2.金昌市第一中学, 金昌, 甘肃 737100, 中国
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
李宗杰,宋玲玲,陈福昌,等. 内陆干旱区降水化学变化和对沙尘天气的指示-以民乐县为例[J]. 甘肃农业大学,2017,36(2):373-379.
APA 李宗杰,宋玲玲,陈福昌,&田青.(2017).内陆干旱区降水化学变化和对沙尘天气的指示-以民乐县为例.环境化学,36(2),373-379.
MLA 李宗杰,et al."内陆干旱区降水化学变化和对沙尘天气的指示-以民乐县为例".环境化学 36.2(2017):373-379.
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