Arid
DOI10.1007/s12517-019-4239-x
Response of soil microbial biomass and enzymatic activity to biochar amendment in the organic carbon deficient arid soil: a 2-year field study
Irfan, Muhammad1; Hussain, Qaiser1; Khan, Khalid Saifullah1; Akmal, Muhammad1; Ijaz, Shahzada Sohail1; Hayat, Rifat1; Khalid, Azeem2; Azeem, Muhammad3; Rashid, Muhammad1
Corresponding AuthorHussain, Qaiser
JournalARABIAN JOURNAL OF GEOSCIENCES
ISSN1866-7511
EISSN1866-7538
Year Published2019
Volume12Issue:3
Abstract in EnglishThe application of pyrolyzed organic carbon (C) to soils has been assessed worldwide to play a vital role in improving the physical-chemical characteristics of the soil. However, the effects of co-use of biochar and nitrogen (N) fertilizer on soil biological process in an arid region are not well understood. For this, a 2-year field experiment was conducted in an arid region to assess the co-use of biochar and nitrogen (N) fertilizer on soil microbial biomass and enzyme activity in the rhizosphere of the wheat crop. Sugarcane bagasse was used as biochar feedstock and applied with three levels of biochar (0, 0.5, and 1% C ha(-1)) on carbon equivalent basis in the presence and absence of N fertilization (46kgNha(-1)). Biochar was incorporated in the soil before sowing of wheat, and the soil samples were taken from each treatment at crop maturity. Findings of the study indicated that biochar amendments enhance the soil organic carbon, DOC, inorganic N, and soil moisture contents, while reducing the bulk density and salinity of soil in both wheat growing season. Microbial biomass carbon and nitrogen increased by 18% and 63% with biochar amended at 1% C ha(-1) with nitrogenous fertilizer and the same trend was observed in the following year. Urease anddehydrogenase activities also significantly increased with biochar applied at 1% C ha(-1) with N fertilization illustrating 15% and 19%, respectively. During the second year of wheat trial, the enzymatic activity also boosted up as the first year. The results revealed that sugarcane bagasse-derived biochar addition can be utilized in improving the soil health, nutrient status, and soil biological functions in the calcareous soil of the arid region.
Keyword in EnglishBiochar Microbial biomass Enzyme activity Wheat Rainfed
SubtypeArticle
Language英语
CountryPakistan
Indexed BySCI-E
WOS IDWOS:000457365800002
WOS KeywordLAND-USE ; COMMUNITIES ; MINERALIZATION ; FUMIGATION ; EXTRACTION ; NUTRIENTS ; ECOSYSTEM ; NITROGEN ; CHARCOAL ; COMPOST
WOS SubjectGeosciences, Multidisciplinary
WOS Research AreaGeology
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://119.78.100.177/qdio/handle/2XILL650/214312
Affiliation1.Pir Mehr Ali Shah Arid Agr Univ, Inst Soil Sci, Rawalpindi 46300, Pakistan;
2.Pir Mehr Ali Shah Arid Agr Univ, Dept Environm Sci, Rawalpindi 46300, Pakistan;
3.Hazara Univ, Dept Agr, Mansehra 21300, Kpk, Pakistan
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Irfan, Muhammad,Hussain, Qaiser,Khan, Khalid Saifullah,et al. Response of soil microbial biomass and enzymatic activity to biochar amendment in the organic carbon deficient arid soil: a 2-year field study[J],2019,12(3).
APA Irfan, Muhammad.,Hussain, Qaiser.,Khan, Khalid Saifullah.,Akmal, Muhammad.,Ijaz, Shahzada Sohail.,...&Rashid, Muhammad.(2019).Response of soil microbial biomass and enzymatic activity to biochar amendment in the organic carbon deficient arid soil: a 2-year field study.ARABIAN JOURNAL OF GEOSCIENCES,12(3).
MLA Irfan, Muhammad,et al."Response of soil microbial biomass and enzymatic activity to biochar amendment in the organic carbon deficient arid soil: a 2-year field study".ARABIAN JOURNAL OF GEOSCIENCES 12.3(2019).
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