Arid
DOI10.1016/j.gloplacha.2016.09.002
Recent changes and relations among drought, vegetation and wildfires in the Eastern Mediterranean: The case of Israel
Turco, Marco1,5; Levin, Noam2; Tessler, Naama3; Saaroni, Hadas4
Corresponding AuthorTurco, Marco
JournalGLOBAL AND PLANETARY CHANGE
ISSN0921-8181
EISSN1872-6364
Year Published2017
Volume151Pages:28-35
Abstract in English

On-going changes in drought, vegetation and wildfires in Israel provide a key example of possible future evolution in transition areas at the border between Mediterranean and arid climates. Here we present multiple lines of evidence suggesting that drought conditions in Israel, representing the eastern Mediterranean, have increased during the period 1980-2014. Drought conditions were calculated using the Standardized Precipitation Evapotranspiration Index (SPEI), the Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI) and the Standardized Soil Moisture Index (SSI). A 30-year series (1982-2011) of monthly Fraction of Photosynthetically Active Radiation absorbed by vegetation (FPAR) indicates generally positive trends in winter and spring and negative ones in summer and autumn, except in the transition zone between the southern Negev desert and the Mediterranean climate region, where a statistically significant negative trend in all seasons was found. Available ground observations suggest that fire activity has decreased during the period 1987-2011. Apparent year-to-year oscillations are superposed onto these long-term trends. We show that inter-annual variability of summer fires is related to antecedent wet conditions and to above normal vegetation conditions. These relationships suggest the summer fires in Israel are mainly limited by fuel availability rather than by fuel flammability. On the other hand, the year-to-year variations of spring and autumn fires are significantly related with drought indices. Thus, the increase of drought conditions together with climate projections for further warming and drying in this region, point at a potential increase of fire risk in the intermediate seasons. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All tights reserved.


Keyword in EnglishForest and wildfire Drought indices Climate change Mediterranean Israel
SubtypeArticle
Language英语
CountryItaly ; Israel ; Spain
Indexed BySCI-E
WOS IDWOS:000405251100004
WOS KeywordCLIMATIC TRENDS ; SUMMER FIRES ; INDEX ; VARIABILITY ; ENVIRONMENT ; EXTREMES ; IMPACTS ; REGIME ; PERIOD ; COVER
WOS SubjectGeography, Physical ; Geosciences, Multidisciplinary
WOS Research AreaPhysical Geography ; Geology
Source InstitutionHebrew University of Jerusalem
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://119.78.100.177/qdio/handle/2XILL650/199345
Affiliation1.Natl Res Council CNR, Inst Atmospher Sci & Climate ISAC, Turin, Italy;
2.Hebrew Univ Jerusalem, Dept Geog, Jerusalem, Israel;
3.Univ Haifa, Fac Nat Sci, Dept Biol & Environm, Oranim, Tivon, Israel;
4.Tel Aviv Univ, Dept Geog & Human Environm, Tel Aviv, Israel;
5.CNS, BSC, Barcelona, Spain
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Turco, Marco,Levin, Noam,Tessler, Naama,et al. Recent changes and relations among drought, vegetation and wildfires in the Eastern Mediterranean: The case of Israel[J]. Hebrew University of Jerusalem,2017,151:28-35.
APA Turco, Marco,Levin, Noam,Tessler, Naama,&Saaroni, Hadas.(2017).Recent changes and relations among drought, vegetation and wildfires in the Eastern Mediterranean: The case of Israel.GLOBAL AND PLANETARY CHANGE,151,28-35.
MLA Turco, Marco,et al."Recent changes and relations among drought, vegetation and wildfires in the Eastern Mediterranean: The case of Israel".GLOBAL AND PLANETARY CHANGE 151(2017):28-35.
Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.
Related Services
Recommend this item
Bookmark
Export to Endnote
Google Scholar
Similar articles in Google Scholar
[Turco, Marco]'s Articles
[Levin, Noam]'s Articles
[Tessler, Naama]'s Articles
Baidu academic
Similar articles in Baidu academic
[Turco, Marco]'s Articles
[Levin, Noam]'s Articles
[Tessler, Naama]'s Articles
Bing Scholar
Similar articles in Bing Scholar
[Turco, Marco]'s Articles
[Levin, Noam]'s Articles
[Tessler, Naama]'s Articles
Terms of Use
No data!
Social Bookmark/Share

Items in the repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.