Arid
DOI10.1080/02626667.2015.1027709
Reliability assessment of water structures subject to data scarcity using the SCS-CN model
Awadallah, Ayman G.1; Saad, Haitham2; Elmoustafa, Ashraf2; Hassan, Ahmed2
Corresponding AuthorAwadallah, Ayman G.
JournalHYDROLOGICAL SCIENCES JOURNAL-JOURNAL DES SCIENCES HYDROLOGIQUES
ISSN0262-6667
EISSN2150-3435
Year Published2016
Volume61Issue:4Pages:696-710
Abstract in English

When discharge measurements are not available, design of water structures relies on using frequency analysis of rainfall data and applying a rainfall-runoff model to estimate a hydrograph. The Soil Conservation Service (SCS) method estimates the design hydrograph first through a rainfall-runoff transformation and next by propagating runoff to the basin outlet via the SCS unit hydrograph (UH) method. The method uses two parameters, the Curve Number (CN) and the time of concentration (T-c). However, in data-scarce areas, the calibration of CN and T-c from nearby gauged watersheds is limited and subject to high uncertainties. Therefore, the inherent uncertainty/variability of the SCS parameters may have considerable ramifications on the safety of design. In this research, a reliability approach is used to evaluate the impact of incorporating the uncertainty of CN and T-c in flood design. The sensitivity of the probabilistic outcome against the uncertainty of input parameters is calculated using the First Order Reliability Method (FORM). The results of FORM are compared with the conventional SCS results, taking solely the uncertainty of the rainfall event. The relative importance of the uncertainty of the SCS parameters is also estimated. It is found that the conventional approach, used by many practitioners, might grossly underestimate the risk of failure of water structures, due to neglecting the probabilistic nature of the SCS parameters and especially the Curve Number. The most predominant factors against which the SCS-CN method is highly uncertain are when the average rainfall value is low (less than 20mm) or its coefficient of variation is not significant (less than 0.5), i.e. when the resulting rainfall at the design return period is low. A case study is presented for Egypt using rainfall data and CN values driven from satellite information, to determine the regions of acceptance of the SCS-CN method.


Keyword in Englishuncertainty first order reliability method (FORM) SCS curve number time of concentration arid region
SubtypeArticle
Language英语
CountryEgypt
Indexed BySCI-E
WOS IDWOS:000373918900004
WOS KeywordFLOOD RETURN PERIODS ; RISK-ASSESSMENT ; STORM DURATION ; CURVE ; GROUNDWATER ; RAINFALL ; DESIGN
WOS SubjectWater Resources
WOS Research AreaWater Resources
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://119.78.100.177/qdio/handle/2XILL650/193470
Affiliation1.Fayoum Univ, Dept Civil Engn, Water Resources Engn, Al Fayyum, Egypt;
2.Ain Shams Univ, Irrigat & Hydraul Dept, Cairo, Egypt
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Awadallah, Ayman G.,Saad, Haitham,Elmoustafa, Ashraf,et al. Reliability assessment of water structures subject to data scarcity using the SCS-CN model[J],2016,61(4):696-710.
APA Awadallah, Ayman G.,Saad, Haitham,Elmoustafa, Ashraf,&Hassan, Ahmed.(2016).Reliability assessment of water structures subject to data scarcity using the SCS-CN model.HYDROLOGICAL SCIENCES JOURNAL-JOURNAL DES SCIENCES HYDROLOGIQUES,61(4),696-710.
MLA Awadallah, Ayman G.,et al."Reliability assessment of water structures subject to data scarcity using the SCS-CN model".HYDROLOGICAL SCIENCES JOURNAL-JOURNAL DES SCIENCES HYDROLOGIQUES 61.4(2016):696-710.
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